Author Topic: Barn makeover  (Read 1994 times)

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Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Barn makeover
« on: July 16, 2018, 06:56 AM »
Hello,

I've been lurking the FOG for a while now but never posted much. Anyway, I've just moved to a new (to me) house that has a barn-type building which I'm converting to my new woodworking shop. The inside dimensions are 27x21.

My first step was to clean up the walls and empty the building:





I did this yesterday but haven't taken "after" pictures. I've ran wiring and outlets for shop lights and 120v outlets around the walls. I'll post more pictures later.

The wire to the panel is only good for 40 amp and the run from the house is 150 ft. I've called an electrician to come and pull a new run but I'm not sure what I'll be able to do. My biggest tool right now is the A3-31 which is 4HP and I plan to have either a 3 or 5 HP Oneida cyclone. I also need enough capacity for my heating (and maybe cooling). Hopefully I can also squeeze a CAT6 in the conduit.

The existing wiring is bad, boxes with no connectors and fabric insulated wires. Everything is going away. I'll put in a sub panel that I saved from my previous shop (Siemens) since I have all the breakers I need and the existing panel (Square D) is pretty old. I'll have the electrician review the installation. I'm not sure if I need a local ground or not (Ontario).

I haven't decided what to do with the sink yet. It drains right outside the wall.

Offline Mario Turcot

  • Posts: 535
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #1 on: July 16, 2018, 07:32 AM »
Congrats on your new house & shop. Very nice building, your floor seems to be in good shape. Any plan on epoxy? If so do it first while it's empty  [big grin]. I did my floor with the BM kit when their paints went 50% off, cost me $125CAD and did it myself. Not a professional job but I like it, no concrete dust to mix with the wood dust.

The existing wiring is bad, boxes with no connectors and fabric insulated wires. Everything is going away. I'll put in a sub panel that I saved from my previous shop (Siemens) since I have all the breakers I need and the existing panel (Square D) is pretty old. I'll have the electrician review the installation. I'm not sure if I need a local ground or not (Ontario).

I haven't decided what to do with the sink yet. It drains right outside the wall.

Electrical installation are always dependent of local regulations. Hard to tell but in Québec you do not need of a dedicated ground if your sub-panel do not have a main switch. If the panel have a main switch you can put one to save the trouble to kick off your house main panel. I have a 200 amps main that feed my shop 100 amps. The Eaton 100 amp 20/40 package came with 12 breakers and just under $250CAD. The panel is almost full already with some twins breakers  [big grin]

Lightning: Get DEL.. my shop is 20x20 with 4 24"x24" DEL on each corners and a 12"x48" in the center, right over the table saw (no shadow). The DEL are expensive but really efficient, instant light with very large diffusion.

Post more pictures along with your changes.

P.S. Feed that dog  [tongue]
« Last Edit: July 16, 2018, 07:39 AM by Mario Turcot »
Mario

Offline neilc

  • Posts: 2502
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #2 on: July 16, 2018, 09:00 AM »
Nice looking space.  Plenty of room, solid floor and good height it looks like.

I’d leave the sink I think.  Handy to have for simple cleanup.  Not sure on exterior terrain but you could do a French drain if you can’t get the water away from the building easily. 

If you have not spent any time on GarageJournal, there are a ton of ideas on shop organization and buildout. 

Look forward to seeing progress photos.

Offline RobBob

  • Posts: 1314
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #3 on: July 16, 2018, 09:14 AM »
Have you checked on having closed cell foam insulation professionally sprayed in?  I would think it would be worth the cost in Canada.

Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #4 on: July 16, 2018, 11:06 AM »
I'm making some progress.

Most of the old wiring is gone and I have the old subpanel disconnected and mine is installed. I wonder if the electrician would be able to pull the old feed out and pull new wires.



It looks like 6 gauge, the current breaker is 40 amps... I think 4 gauge would work for 150 feet and 60 amp but that might be too little if I need electric heat/cooling.



For insulation I've purchased R12 fiberglass.

For the floors, I think I'll go with sleepers 12" on center and rigid insulation in between, then poly and 3/4 OSB. Down the road maybe add pine or some hard laminate.

My dogs are whippets, that's how they look... racing dogs. :)

The sink is made of concrete! I nearly lost a leg when I pulled it and its metal legs bent.
« Last Edit: July 16, 2018, 11:37 AM by ERG »

Offline Cheese

  • Posts: 4925
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #5 on: July 16, 2018, 12:31 PM »
It looks like you've got some aded storage space upstairs. Is it tall enough to stand up in?

The concrete wash tub is both a boon and a bane. They'll last forever and nothing destroys them except for a 10# maul. They do however take up a lot of room. I had one in the basement that I removed and then substituted a stainless sink instead. I still consider that a good move.

FWIW...I think you're going to need 100 amp service when you add up all the machine tools, electrical outlets, lighting and the heating/cooling draw. I think 60 amp would be the bare bones minimum.

I like to keep the high voltage and low voltage wires separate. I'd run the CAT 6 alone or in its own conduit. It may also be an electrical code issue in your area.

Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #6 on: July 16, 2018, 04:37 PM »
Hey Cheese, yes there is headspace on the second floor, it's actually a pretty big space. I want to make real stairs with a turn to get up there.



I just noticed that the previous owner chopped up the 2x4 around the window. Something I'll have to fix.

I had 60 in my previous shop and it was close. I haven't had a chance to price out the 4 gauge wire yet. I think I have direct bury right now and the 1.5 conduit is just a sleeve. I will have to rent a trencher and figure that out...

I made more progress so far today. Finished the 120v around the walls and the ceiling for the shop lights and put my old fluorescent lights. I put in my Siemens panel.

I removed all the old wiring and the junction boxes the P.O. had. I need to figure out the best way to rewire the outside lights. All my receptacles are hanging until I put something on the wall and ceiling.




« Last Edit: July 16, 2018, 04:39 PM by ERG »

Offline JBag09

  • Posts: 218
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #7 on: July 16, 2018, 06:14 PM »
I know for a fact that you need a double 30 amp breaker for the Oneida V 5000 (5hp). If you go with heating and cooling, just for an example, a split unit 1.5 tons, mine needed a double 20 amp breaker.


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Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #8 on: July 17, 2018, 05:38 AM »
Yeah... I can't wait to see how much 150 ft of 1/3 direct bury cost.

Offline rvieceli

  • Posts: 820
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #9 on: July 17, 2018, 07:23 AM »
@ERG if that panel pictured above is the panel you are going to use, seriously consider getting a new bigger one. If you are going to the expense of running 100 amps out there, you will really need to have a panel with more breaker spaces. If you add any 240 circuits you'll quickly run out of spaces in that panel. Main breaker panels are relatively cheap. You'll use the main breaker as a local disconnect.

Offline Mario Turcot

  • Posts: 535
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #10 on: July 17, 2018, 08:37 AM »
Yeah... I can't wait to see how much 150 ft of 1/3 direct bury cost.

Price for copper wire is crazy, 3 times aluminium. Go alu. req. one size bigger and use Anti-oxidant Compound at both ends.

Are you going Teck or PVC?
Mario

Offline JBag09

  • Posts: 218
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #11 on: July 17, 2018, 12:17 PM »
I used URD cable, aluminum. And yes go one size bigger. Cost me about half as much, but I only had half the distance to run mine.


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Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #12 on: July 17, 2018, 03:25 PM »
Thanks for the advice @rvieceli. I haven't thought of that. I don't think i need many circuits but it would be nice to have the disconnect in the panel.

@Mario Turcot I'll wait to see what the electrician proposes.

@JBag09 I see that Alu is much cheaper, I haven't found a site where the pricing is listed yet. Any idea of the cost?

Offline JBag09

  • Posts: 218
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #13 on: July 17, 2018, 03:51 PM »
I know I got a good price since I’m friends with one of the salesmen at a local electrical supplier. For the 75 feet I needed, I think my cost was $1.59 per foot. That was for 2-2-2-4 URD. You better check with your electrician with how big of a wire will fit in a 100 amp breaker.


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Offline Mario Turcot

  • Posts: 535
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #14 on: July 21, 2018, 04:10 PM »
Here is a link to my panel setup.
« Last Edit: July 26, 2018, 10:15 AM by Mario Turcot »
Mario

Offline ERG

  • Posts: 14
Re: Barn makeover
« Reply #15 on: July 26, 2018, 10:14 AM »
That's one tidy panel Mario.

Sorry for the lack of updates on the barn, I've started a new project. I am remodeling an in-law suite that I can rent so I can get $$$ to put towards the barn.

The electrician is coming next week to put a panel in the barn and one in the apartment...